Are American Eskimo Dogs Related to Pomeranians? Discover the Connection and Differences

To understand the origins of American Eskimo Dogs and Pomeranians, we need to travel back in time. Both breeds have ancient ancestors that can be traced to Nordic regions. American Eskimo Dogs share their roots with the Spitz family, which includes breeds like the Samoyed and the Alaskan Malamute. On the other hand, Pomeranians can be traced back to the larger sled-pulling Spitz-type dogs of the Arctic.

2. Breeding History

Over the centuries, both American Eskimo Dogs and Pomeranians went through selective breeding to develop their distinct traits. American Eskimo Dogs were brought to the United States by European immigrants and were initially known as German Spitz dogs. These dogs were popular performers in circuses and eventually gained recognition as American Eskimo Dogs.

Pomeranians, on the other hand, were named after the region of Pomerania, which is now part of Poland and Germany. These small dogs were favored by European royalty, including Queen Victoria of England, who played a significant role in popularizing the breed.

Physical Characteristics and Temperament:

1. American Eskimo Dogs

1.1 Size and Appearance

American Eskimo Dogs are known for their striking white double coats, plumed tails, and fox-like faces. They come in three size variations: Toy, Miniature, and Standard. Toy American Eskimo Dogs stand around 9-12 inches tall, Miniature American Eskimo Dogs range from 12-15 inches, and Standard American Eskimo Dogs measure about 15-19 inches at the shoulder.

1.2 Temperament and Behavior

American Eskimo Dogs are intelligent, alert, and highly trainable. They are known for their playful and friendly nature, making them great family pets. They are also known for their vocal nature, often alerting their owners with their barks. Proper socialization and training are essential to ensure they grow into well-rounded companions.

2. Pomeranians

2.1 Size and Appearance

Pomeranians are the epitome of small and fluffy. They have a profuse double coat that comes in various colors. Despite their tiny size, Pomeranians have a confident and proud demeanor. On average, they stand only 6-7 inches tall and weigh between 3-7 pounds.

2.2 Temperament and Behavior

Pomeranians are known for their lively and extroverted personalities. They are often described as bold, curious, and full of energy. Despite their small size, they have a big personality and can be quite fearless. Pomeranians thrive on attention and love being the center of their owner’s world.

Genetic Relationship and Ancestry:

1. Common Ancestral Heritage

While American Eskimo Dogs and Pomeranians share a common ancestral heritage in the Nordic regions, their paths diverged as they were bred for different purposes. Both breeds carry the genetic legacy of the Spitz dogs, which were developed to excel in cold climates.

2. DNA Analysis and Similarities

The connection between American Eskimo Dogs and Pomeranians becomes more apparent when examining their DNA. Genetic studies have revealed that these breeds share a genetic similarity, suggesting a close relationship. However, further research is needed to fully understand the extent of their genetic connection.

3. Genetic Differences and Divergence

Despite their genetic similarities, American Eskimo Dogs and Pomeranians have distinct breed standards and characteristics. Over time, selective breeding has led to variations in size, appearance, and temperament.

Working and Utility Roles:

1. American Eskimo Dogs

1.1 Traditional Roles

American Eskimo Dogs have a history of performing various tasks. They were skilled at herding, guarding, and even pulling sleds. Their intelligence and agility made them well-suited for these roles in their ancestral homelands.

1.2 Modern Applications

In modern times, American Eskimo Dogs excel in various activities such as obedience, agility, and even therapy work. Their versatile nature and eagerness to please make them ideal companions for those seeking an active and trainable breed.

2. Pomeranians

2.1 Historical Work

Pomeranians were initially larger working dogs used for herding and pulling carts. However, over time, their size was reduced through selective breeding, and their working roles diminished.

2.2 Present-day Applicability

While Pomeranians may not have specific working roles in modern times, they thrive as beloved companion pets. Their small size and portable nature make them popular choices for people living in apartments or those looking for a lap dog.

Popularity and Breed Recognition:

1. American Eskimo Dogs

1.1 Breed Recognition and Organizations

American Eskimo Dogs are recognized by various kennel clubs and organizations, including the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC). They are categorized as a member of the Non-Sporting Group by the AKC.

1.2 Popularity in the United States

While American Eskimo Dogs are cherished by their owners, they are not among the most popular breeds in the United States. However, their unique appearance and delightful personalities continue to win over the hearts of those who discover them.

2. Pomeranians

2.1 Breed Recognition and Organizations

Pomeranians are recognized by major kennel clubs worldwide, including the AKC and UKC. They are categorized as a member of the Toy Group by the AKC.

2.2 Worldwide Popularity

Pomeranians have gained immense popularity worldwide, thanks in part to their adorable appearance and charming personalities. They are often seen in the arms of celebrities and have a massive following on social media platforms.

Crossbreeding and Hybrid Variations:

1. American Eskimo-Pomeranian Mixes

1.1 Appearance and Traits

Crossbreeding American Eskimo Dogs and Pomeranians results in beautiful mixed-breed dogs known as American Eskimo-Pomeranian mixes or Eskiranians. These hybrids often inherit a combination of traits from both parent breeds, including fluffy coats, fox-like faces, and a range of sizes.

1.2 Temperament and Behavior

Eskiranians typically exhibit a mix of the American Eskimo Dog and Pomeranian temperament. They can be energetic, intelligent, and affectionate companions. However, individual traits may vary, so early socialization and training are crucial to shape their behavior.

2. Other Related Crossbreeds and Hybrids

2.1 Exploring Different Combinations

Beyond the American Eskimo-Pomeranian mix, there are various other crossbreeds and hybrid variations involving these breeds. Examples include the Pomimo (Pomeranian x American Eskimo Dog x American Eskimo Dog), as well as other combinations with different breeds.

2.2 Characteristics and Considerations

When considering a crossbred or hybrid dog, it’s important to research and understand the characteristics and needs of both parent breeds. Each individual dog may exhibit a unique combination of traits, so it’s essential to spend time with the pup and communicate with responsible breeders.


In conclusion, American Eskimo Dogs and Pomeranians share a common ancestral heritage and genetic connection. However, their distinct breeding histories and selective breeding have led to variations in size, appearance, and temperament. While American Eskimo Dogs have a more prominent working history, Pomeranians have gained worldwide popularity as beloved companion pets. The crossbreeding possibilities between these breeds and other variations offer unique and delightful mixed-breed options for dog lovers. Whether you are a fan of American Eskimo Dogs, Pomeranians, or their hybrid counterparts, one thing is for sure – these fluffy companions bring joy and love into the lives of their human companions.

ThePetFaq Team