Can Alaskan Malamutes Have Blue Eyes? Exploring the Possibility and Genetic Factors

Before we dive into eye colors, let’s take a moment to appreciate the rich history and origins of Alaskan Malamutes. These magnificent dogs have been companions to the indigenous people of Alaska for thousands of years. Bred to be sled dogs, they were an integral part of Arctic expeditions and played a crucial role in transportation and survival.

Distinctive Characteristics of Alaskan Malamutes

Alaskan Malamutes are known for their strong and muscular build, thick double coat, and plumed tail that curls over their back. They have a striking wolf-like appearance, with erect ears and a powerful, expressive face. But perhaps their most captivating feature is their eyes, which come in various colors, including brown, amber, and yes, even blue.

Eye Color in Alaskan Malamutes: An Overview

The Usual Eye Colors in Alaskan Malamutes

While brown and amber are the most common eye colors seen in Alaskan Malamutes, some individuals display a mesmerizing blue hue. These blue-eyed Malamutes are relatively rare but are often highly sought after for their unique and enchanting look. However, the occurrence of blue eyes in this breed raises intriguing questions about the underlying genetics and potential health implications.

Can Alaskan Malamutes Have Blue Eyes?

Examining the Rarity of Blue Eyes in Alaskan Malamutes

Blue eyes are indeed a possibility in Alaskan Malamutes, although they are not as common as other eye colors. The occurrence of blue eyes is influenced by various genetic factors, which we will explore further. It is important to note that not all Alaskan Malamutes with blue eyes are purebred, as other breeds carrying the blue-eyed gene can contribute to this trait.

Genetic Factors Influencing Eye Color

Eye color in dogs, including Alaskan Malamutes, is mainly determined by the interaction of genes responsible for pigmentation. The amount and distribution of the pigment called melanin determine the color observed in the iris. Various genes, such as those controlling the production and deposition of melanin, play a crucial role in determining eye color.

The Genetic Basis of Blue Eyes in Alaskan Malamutes

The Role of the Melanocortin 1 Receptor (MC1R) Gene

One of the key genes associated with blue eyes in Alaskan Malamutes is the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene. This gene controls the production and distribution of eumelanin, the pigment responsible for black and brown coloration. Variations in the MC1R gene can lead to reduced eumelanin production, resulting in a dilution of eye color, including the possibility of blue eyes.

Other Genes and Markers Associated with Blue Eyes

While the MC1R gene is a significant contributor to blue eyes in Alaskan Malamutes, there are other genes and markers involved in this fascinating trait. Genes such as the SLC24A5 gene and the TYRP1 gene have been linked to variations in eye color and may also play a role in the occurrence of blue eyes.

Health and Vision Implications of Blue Eyes in Alaskan Malamutes

Possible Links between Blue Eyes and Ocular Health

While blue eyes in Alaskan Malamutes add to their allure, it is important to consider potential health implications. Some studies suggest that dogs with blue eyes may be more prone to certain ocular conditions, such as iris hypoplasia and sensitivity to light. Regular veterinary check-ups and proper eye care are essential for maintaining the overall health and well-being of blue-eyed Alaskan Malamutes.

Vision Concerns for Alaskan Malamutes with Blue Eyes

In addition to potential ocular health concerns, Alaskan Malamutes with blue eyes may also experience sensitivity to bright light. This sensitivity is due to the reduced amount of melanin in the iris, which affects the eye’s ability to filter out excessive light. Taking precautions such as providing shade and using protective eyewear can help mitigate this sensitivity and ensure the comfort of these beautiful dogs.

Blue Eyes in Alaskan Malamute Puppies

Understanding the Development of Eye Color in Puppies

Just like human babies, puppies’ eye colors can change as they grow. When Alaskan Malamute puppies are born, their eyes are usually closed, and they initially have a blue-gray appearance. As they mature, their eye color gradually changes, and the final shade may not be fully established until several months of age.

Frequency of Blue Eyes in Alaskan Malamute Puppies

Blue eyes are relatively common in Alaskan Malamute puppies, but not all of them will retain this color into adulthood. As the puppies grow and their melanin production increases, their eye color may shift to brown, amber, or another shade. It’s always exciting to see how their eyes evolve and reveal their unique personalities.


In conclusion, while blue eyes are not the most common eye color in Alaskan Malamutes, they can indeed occur due to specific genetic factors. The interplay of genes responsible for pigmentation, such as the MC1R gene, contributes to the dilution of eye color and the possibility of blue eyes in this majestic breed. It’s important to remember that blue eyes may come with certain health considerations, and proper care should be taken to ensure the well-being of these captivating canines. Whether blue, brown, or amber, the eyes of an Alaskan Malamute reflect their beauty, strength, and spirit, making them a truly extraordinary breed.

ThePetFaq Team