What do Afghan Hounds Eat? A Comprehensive Guide to Their Diet

Just like any other dog breed, Afghan Hounds require a balanced and nutritious diet to thrive. A well-rounded diet is crucial for their overall health, including maintaining a shiny coat, strong muscles, and a robust immune system. Providing them with the right nutrients will also support their energy levels and promote longevity.

Factors Influencing Afghan Hounds’ Dietary Needs

While Afghan Hounds share some dietary needs with other breeds, there are a few factors that make their requirements unique. The Afghan Hound’s high energy levels, fast metabolism, and potential for food sensitivities and allergies all play a role in determining their ideal diet.

Nutritional Guidelines for Afghan Hounds

Caloric Requirements for Afghan Hounds

Afghan Hounds are known for their active and playful nature. Therefore, they require a sufficient amount of calories to fuel their energy levels. On average, an adult Afghan Hound may need between 1,200 to 1,800 calories per day, depending on their activity level and metabolism.

Protein Needs of Afghan Hounds

Protein is an essential component of an Afghan Hound’s diet. It helps build and repair tissues, supports muscle development, and aids in maintaining a healthy coat. High-quality animal-based proteins, such as chicken, beef, and fish, should make up a significant portion of their diet.

Fat Requirements for Afghan Hounds

Fat is a concentrated source of energy and plays a vital role in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Afghan Hounds require a moderate amount of healthy fats in their diet, such as those found in fish oil or coconut oil. These fats contribute to maintaining healthy skin and coat, as well as providing long-lasting energy.

Carbohydrate Considerations for Afghan Hounds

While carbohydrates are not an essential nutrient for dogs, they can still be included in an Afghan Hound’s diet in moderation. Opt for complex carbohydrates like sweet potatoes, brown rice, and quinoa, which provide a slow release of energy and are easily digestible.

Essential Vitamins and Minerals for Afghan Hounds

To ensure your Afghan Hound receives all the necessary nutrients, it’s important to include a variety of fruits and vegetables in their diet. These will provide essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin A, vitamin C, and calcium, which support their immune system, bone health, and overall well-being.

Feeding Afghan Hounds at Different Life Stages

Puppyhood: Establishing the Right Foundation

During the puppy stage, Afghan Hounds require a diet that supports their rapid growth and development. Choose a high-quality puppy food specifically formulated for large breeds to ensure they receive the proper balance of nutrients. It’s also important to feed them smaller, more frequent meals to aid digestion and prevent bloating.

Adult Afghan Hounds: Maintaining Optimal Health

Once your Afghan Hound reaches adulthood, you can transition them to an adult dog food that suits their specific needs. Ensure the food is appropriate for their activity level and monitor their weight to prevent obesity, as Afghan Hounds have a tendency to gain weight if overfed or not exercised enough.

Senior Afghan Hounds: Adjusting for Aging Needs

As your Afghan Hound enters their senior years, their dietary needs may change. Consult with your veterinarian to determine if any adjustments need to be made to their diet, such as switching to a senior dog food formula or incorporating supplements to support joint health and overall vitality.

Feeding Afghan Hounds Based on Their Activity Levels

Active Afghan Hounds: Fueling their Energy

If your Afghan Hound is highly active, participating in activities such as agility training or long-distance running, they will require additional calories to sustain their energy levels. Consider increasing their portions or adding healthy treats into their diet to ensure they have enough fuel for their activities.

Sedentary Afghan Hounds: Regulating Caloric Intake

For Afghan Hounds with a more sedentary lifestyle, it is important to monitor their caloric intake to prevent weight gain. Opt for a dog food formulated for less active breeds and ensure you are feeding them appropriate portion sizes. Regular exercise should still be incorporated into their routine to maintain their overall health.

Common Food Allergies and Sensitivities in Afghan Hounds

Gastrointestinal Issues: Identifying Triggers

Like many other breeds, Afghan Hounds can be prone to gastrointestinal issues and food sensitivities. If you notice symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, or excessive gas, it may indicate an underlying food sensitivity. Consult with your veterinarian to identify potential triggers and determine the best course of action.

Food Allergies: Symptoms and Elimination Diets

Afghan Hounds can also develop food allergies, which can manifest as itchy skin, ear infections, or gastrointestinal upset. If your dog displays these symptoms, your veterinarian may recommend an elimination diet to identify the specific allergen. This involves removing potential allergens from their diet, then gradually reintroducing them to pinpoint the cause of the allergic reaction.

Choosing the Right Commercial Dog Food for Afghan Hounds

Reading and Evaluating Dog Food Labels

When selecting a commercial dog food for your Afghan Hound, it’s important to read and evaluate the labels carefully. Look for high-quality ingredients, such as real meat as the first ingredient, and avoid products that contain fillers or artificial additives. Understanding how to interpret the nutritional information on the label will help you make an informed choice.

Popular Brands and Formulas for Afghan Hounds

There are several reputable dog food brands that offer specific formulas for large or active breeds, which can be suitable for Afghan Hounds. Some popular options include Royal Canin Afghan Hound formula, Hill’s Science Diet Large Breed, and Orijen Adult Dog Food. However, every dog is unique, so it’s important to consult with your veterinarian to find the best option for your Afghan Hound.

Raw and Homemade Diets for Afghan Hounds

Balancing Nutrients in Homemade Diets

If you prefer to feed your Afghan Hound a raw or homemade diet, it’s essential to ensure they receive a balanced and complete nutrition. Homemade diets should include a variety of animal proteins, vegetables, and grains to provide all the necessary nutrients. Consulting with a veterinary nutritionist can help you formulate a diet that meets your Afghan Hound’s specific needs.

Safety Considerations for Raw Diets

Raw diets can be a controversial topic, and it’s important to consider the safety aspects before incorporating raw food into your Afghan Hound’s diet. Proper handling, storage, and sourcing of raw ingredients are crucial to reduce the risk of bacterial contamination. Discuss the pros and cons of a raw diet with your veterinarian to make an informed decision.

Supplements and Treats for Afghan Hounds

Necessary Supplements for Afghan Hounds

In addition to a balanced diet, some Afghan Hounds may benefit from specific supplements. Fish oil supplements can provide essential fatty acids for a healthy coat and joints. Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements may be beneficial for maintaining joint health, especially in older Afghan Hounds. However, it’s important to consult with your veterinarian before introducing any supplements.

Healthy Treat Options for Afghan Hounds

Treats are an excellent way to reinforce positive behavior and provide additional nutrition. Look for high-quality, natural treats that are free from artificial additives and fillers. You can also consider homemade treats made from ingredients like lean meats, fruits, and vegetables. Remember to offer treats in moderation to prevent overfeeding.

Establishing a Feeding Routine for Afghan Hounds

Meal Frequency and Portion Control

Establishing a regular feeding routine is important for Afghan Hounds. Most adult Afghan Hounds do well with two meals per day, while puppies may require more frequent feedings. Portion control is essential to prevent overfeeding and maintain a healthy weight. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate portion sizes for your Afghan Hound based on their age, weight, and activity level.

Special Considerations for Afghan Hounds

Afghan Hounds are known for their unique anatomy, including a deep chest and narrow waist. This makes them more susceptible to a condition called bloat or gastric dilation volvulus (GDV). To reduce the risk of bloat, avoid feeding your Afghan Hound immediately before or after exercise, and consider using a slow feeder bowl to encourage slower eating.


Feeding your Afghan Hound a proper diet is essential for their overall health and well-being. By understanding their unique dietary requirements, you can provide them with the nutrients they need to thrive. Whether you choose a commercial dog food, raw diet, or homemade meals, always prioritize quality ingredients and consult with your veterinarian to ensure you are meeting your Afghan Hound’s specific nutritional needs. Remember, a well-fed Afghan Hound is a happy and healthy companion for years to come.

ThePetFaq Team