Are American Curl Cats Healthy? Common Health Problems and Tips

One of the most distinctive features of the American Curl breed is their uniquely curled ears. This genetic mutation gives them a charming and whimsical appearance. American Curls come in both long-haired and short-haired varieties, with a wide range of coat colors and patterns.

Temperament and Personality Traits

American Curls are known for their friendly and sociable nature. They are often described as being highly intelligent, curious, and playful. These cats enjoy interacting with their human companions and are generally good with children and other pets. Their adaptable nature makes them great for households with different lifestyles.

General Health Considerations

To ensure the overall health and well-being of your American Curl cat, it is important to provide them with regular veterinary care, vaccinations, and a balanced diet.

Regular Veterinary Care for American Curls

Like all cats, American Curls should have regular check-ups with a veterinarian. These routine visits allow the vet to monitor their overall health, provide necessary vaccinations, and address any concerns or issues that may arise. Early detection of health problems can greatly improve outcomes and prevent more serious conditions from developing.

Importance of Vaccinations and Preventive Medicine

Vaccinations play a crucial role in protecting American Curls from common feline diseases such as rabies, feline leukemia, and upper respiratory infections. Your veterinarian will recommend a vaccination schedule based on your cat’s age, lifestyle, and risk factors.

In addition to vaccinations, preventive medicine such as flea and tick control, heartworm prevention, and regular deworming should also be a part of your American Curl’s healthcare routine.

Common Dietary Needs for American Curls

American Curls, like all cats, require a balanced and nutritious diet to support their overall health and well-being. High-quality cat food, specifically formulated for their age and activity level, should be the foundation of their diet. Avoid feeding them excessive amounts of treats or human food, as this can lead to obesity and other health issues.

Common Health Problems in American Curl Cats

While American Curl cats are generally healthy, there are a few health issues that can affect this breed. It’s important to be aware of these conditions and take necessary precautions.

Ear-related Concerns

Due to their curled ears, American Curls may be prone to certain ear-related issues. Two common conditions to watch for are Ear Canal Stenosis and Otosclerosis.

Ear Canal Stenosis

Ear Canal Stenosis is a narrowing of the ear canal, which can lead to a buildup of wax and debris. Regular ear cleaning, as recommended by your veterinarian, can help prevent this condition and maintain good ear health.


Otosclerosis is a condition where abnormal bone growth affects the ear canal and can lead to hearing loss. While not all American Curls will develop this condition, regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor their ear health and detect any signs of otosclerosis early on.

Joint and Bone Issues

American Curls, like many other cat breeds, can be predisposed to joint and bone problems. Two conditions to be aware of are Osteochondrodysplasia and Patellar Luxation.


Osteochondrodysplasia is a developmental disorder that affects the growth of bones and cartilage. This can lead to abnormal bone structure and joint problems. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy weight can help minimize the impact of this condition on your American Curl’s overall health.

Patellar Luxation

Patellar Luxation is a condition where the kneecap slips out of its normal position. This can cause discomfort and difficulty in mobility. If you notice any limping or difficulty in walking, it’s important to consult with your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment options.

Digestive Disorders

American Curls may also be prone to digestive disorders, such as Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Megacolon.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a chronic condition that affects the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting, and weight loss. A proper diagnosis and treatment plan, which may include dietary modifications and medication, can help manage this condition and improve your cat’s quality of life.


Megacolon is a condition where the colon becomes enlarged and loses its ability to function properly. This can lead to constipation and other digestive issues. A high-fiber diet, regular exercise, and proper hydration can help prevent and manage this condition.

Urinary Tract Problems

American Curls can be susceptible to urinary tract problems, including Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) and Kidney Stones.

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

FLUTD is a common condition that affects the bladder and urethra. Symptoms may include frequent urination, blood in the urine, and difficulty in urinating. Providing your American Curl with plenty of fresh water, a balanced diet, and regular veterinary check-ups can help prevent and manage this condition.

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can develop in American Curls, causing discomfort and urinary tract issues. Ensuring your cat has access to fresh water at all times and feeding them a balanced diet can help reduce the risk of kidney stone formation.

Tips for Maintaining the Health of American Curl Cats

In addition to regular veterinary care, there are several steps you can take to maintain the overall health and well-being of your American Curl cat.

Regular Grooming and Ear Cleaning

To keep their coat healthy and free from mats, American Curls require regular grooming. Brushing their fur and cleaning their ears, as recommended by your veterinarian, can help prevent ear-related issues and maintain good hygiene.

Providing a Balanced Diet

Feeding your American Curl a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for their overall health. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet for your cat’s specific needs and ensure they are receiving all the necessary nutrients.

Encouraging Physical Activity

Regular exercise is important for maintaining your American Curl’s weight and overall health. Engage them in interactive play sessions and provide them with toys that stimulate their natural hunting instincts.

Preventing Obesity

Obesity can lead to a variety of health problems in cats, including joint issues and diabetes. Monitor your American Curl’s weight and provide them with portion-controlled meals to prevent obesity.

Promoting Dental Health

Dental health is often overlooked but crucial for your cat’s overall well-being. Regular teeth brushing and providing dental treats or toys can help prevent dental issues such as periodontal disease.


American Curl cats are generally healthy, but it’s important to be aware of the potential health issues they may face. By providing them with regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, and a loving home environment, you can help ensure that your American Curl cat stays happy and healthy for years to come.

ThePetFaq Team