How Long Do American Eskimo Dogs Live? Important Factors and Care Tips

When it comes to choosing a furry friend to join your family, there are many factors to consider. One important consideration is the lifespan of the breed you’re interested in. In this blog post, we will explore the lifespan of American Eskimo Dogs, also known as Eskies. As an owner of an American Eskimo Dog myself, I can share my personal experiences and insights on this topic.

Factors Affecting the Lifespan of American Eskimo Dogs

Genetics and Breed Predispositions

Like any other breed, genetics play a significant role in determining the lifespan of American Eskimo Dogs. While they are generally a healthy breed, there are certain genetic conditions that Eskies may be predisposed to, which can impact their lifespan. It’s important to choose a reputable breeder who performs health screenings on their breeding dogs to minimize the risk of inheriting these conditions.

Diet and Nutrition

Proper nutrition is essential for the overall health and longevity of any dog. Feeding your American Eskimo Dog a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs is crucial. High-quality dog food, including a mix of protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats, can help support their immune system and maintain a healthy weight. Be mindful of portion sizes to prevent obesity, which can lead to various health issues.

Exercise and Physical Activity

American Eskimo Dogs are an active breed that requires regular exercise and mental stimulation. Providing them with ample opportunities to burn off energy through daily walks, playtime, and interactive toys can help maintain their physical and mental well-being. Regular exercise not only keeps them fit but also helps prevent obesity and promotes a healthy heart.

Regular Veterinary Care

Routine veterinary care is crucial for the health and longevity of any dog, including American Eskimo Dogs. Regular check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care such as flea and tick prevention and dental cleanings are essential. Regular veterinary visits allow for early detection and treatment of any potential health issues, which can significantly impact the lifespan of your Eskie.

Environmental Factors

The environment in which your American Eskimo Dog lives can also affect their lifespan. Providing a safe and stimulating environment, free from hazards and toxins, is important. Extreme temperatures, whether hot or cold, should be avoided to prevent heatstroke or hypothermia. Additionally, reducing stress and providing a loving, positive atmosphere can contribute to their overall well-being.

Common Health Issues in American Eskimo Dogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

One common health issue that can affect American Eskimo Dogs is progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). PRA is a degenerative eye disease that can lead to vision loss and eventually blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect PRA early on, allowing for potential treatments or management strategies to be implemented.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is another condition that can impact the lifespan and quality of life for American Eskimo Dogs. This genetic condition occurs when the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to pain, lameness, and arthritis. Maintaining a healthy weight and providing low-impact exercise can help reduce strain on the hips and minimize the progression of this condition.

Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation is a condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position. It can cause pain and lameness in American Eskimo Dogs. Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of patellar luxation. If your Eskie shows signs of lameness or discomfort, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Von Willebrand Disease

Von Willebrand Disease is a bleeding disorder that affects the blood’s ability to clot properly. This inherited condition can cause excessive bleeding from minor injuries or surgical procedures. If your American Eskimo Dog is diagnosed with von Willebrand Disease, working closely with your veterinarian to manage the condition and avoid situations that may lead to excessive bleeding is essential.

Autoimmune Disorders

American Eskimo Dogs may also be prone to certain autoimmune disorders, where the body’s immune system attacks its own cells and tissues. Conditions such as autoimmune thyroiditis and autoimmune hemolytic anemia can impact their overall health and lifespan. Regular veterinary care and monitoring for any signs of autoimmune disorders are important for early detection and management.

Key Care Tips for Extending the Lifespan of American Eskimo Dogs

Implementing a Balanced Diet

Feeding your American Eskimo Dog a balanced diet is crucial for their overall health and longevity. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate type and amount of food to feed your Eskie based on their age, weight, and activity level. Avoid overfeeding and provide a variety of nutritious foods to meet their specific dietary needs.

Providing Regular Exercise and Mental Stimulation

American Eskimo Dogs thrive on regular physical exercise and mental stimulation. Daily walks, interactive toys, and training sessions can help keep them physically and mentally active. Engaging in activities such as obedience training or agility courses can provide both physical exercise and mental enrichment, contributing to their overall well-being.

Maintaining Oral Hygiene

Proper dental care is often overlooked but plays a crucial role in the overall health of American Eskimo Dogs. Regular toothbrushing, dental chews, and professional dental cleanings can help prevent dental disease, which can lead to serious health issues if left untreated. Maintaining good oral hygiene can contribute to a longer and healthier life for your Eskie.

Scheduling Veterinary Check-ups

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for monitoring your American Eskimo Dog’s health and detecting any potential issues early on. Routine vaccinations, preventive care, and screenings for breed-specific health concerns are important components of these visits. Working closely with your veterinarian will help ensure your Eskie receives the necessary care to extend their lifespan.

Monitoring and Managing Weight

Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for the overall health and longevity of American Eskimo Dogs. Obesity can lead to various health issues, including joint problems, diabetes, and heart disease. Regularly monitoring your Eskie’s weight, providing appropriate portion sizes, and engaging in regular exercise can help prevent weight gain and promote a healthier, longer life.

Creating a Safe and Stimulating Environment

Providing a safe and stimulating environment is important for the well-being of your American Eskimo Dog. Ensure their living space is free from hazards, such as toxic plants or chemicals, sharp objects, and small choking hazards. Providing opportunities for mental stimulation, such as puzzle toys or interactive games, can help keep their minds sharp and prevent boredom.

Recognizing Signs of Aging in American Eskimo Dogs

Changes in Mobility and Joint Health

As American Eskimo Dogs age, you may notice changes in their mobility and joint health. Arthritis and other degenerative joint conditions can cause stiffness, limping, and difficulty moving. Providing joint supplements, comfortable bedding, and low-impact exercise can help manage these age-related changes and improve their quality of life.

Decreased Sensory Functions

Just like humans, American Eskimo Dogs may experience a decline in sensory functions as they age. Their vision and hearing may become impaired, leading to difficulty seeing or hearing commands. Be patient with your senior Eskie and make accommodations to ensure their safety and comfort, such as using visual cues or providing a quieter environment.

Changes in Behavior and Cognitive Function

Older American Eskimo Dogs may exhibit changes in behavior and cognitive function. They may become more forgetful, disoriented, or show signs of anxiety. Providing a consistent routine, mental stimulation, and plenty of love and attention can help support their cognitive health. If you notice significant changes in behavior, consult with your veterinarian to rule out any underlying medical conditions.

Managing Senior Health Concerns

As your American Eskimo Dog enters their senior years, it’s important to work closely with your veterinarian to manage any age-related health concerns. Regular check-ups, screenings, and adjustments to their diet and exercise routine may be necessary. With proper care and attention, you can help your senior Eskie enjoy their golden years to the fullest.


The lifespan of American Eskimo Dogs can vary depending on various factors such as genetics, diet, exercise, and overall care. By understanding these factors and implementing appropriate care strategies, you can help extend the lifespan and improve the quality of life for your beloved Eskie. Remember, each dog is unique, and it’s important to tailor their care to their individual needs. As an American Eskimo Dog owner, I can attest to the joy and love these dogs bring into our lives, and I hope this blog post has provided valuable insights to help you give your Eskie the best possible life.

ThePetFaq Team