Are American Eskimo Dogs Small? Size, Characteristics, and Care Tips

When it comes to American Eskimo dogs, one of the most common questions that potential owners ask is, “Are they small?” This question is understandable, as the name “American Eskimo” might lead one to believe that these dogs are on the smaller side. However, the answer is not as straightforward as it may seem. In this blog post, we will delve into the different sizes of American Eskimo dogs, their characteristics, and provide care tips for each size.

Understanding American Eskimo Dog Sizes

American Eskimo dogs come in three different sizes: Standard, Miniature, and Toy. Let’s explore each size in more detail:

Standard American Eskimo Dog

The Standard American Eskimo Dog is the largest size within the breed. They typically stand between 15 and 19 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 30 and 40 pounds. Despite their larger size, they still possess the distinctive white double coat and beautiful plumed tail that is characteristic of the breed.

Miniature American Eskimo Dog

The Miniature American Eskimo Dog is the medium-sized version of the breed. They stand between 12 and 15 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 20 and 30 pounds. They have the same stunning white coat and fluffy tail as the Standard size, but in a more compact package.

Toy American Eskimo Dog

The Toy American Eskimo Dog is the smallest size within the breed. They stand between 9 and 12 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 6 and 10 pounds. Despite their small stature, they are still full of energy and possess the same striking appearance as their larger counterparts.

Characteristics of American Eskimo Dogs

Now that we have a better understanding of the different sizes, let’s explore the general characteristics of American Eskimo dogs.

Physical Appearance

Regardless of size, American Eskimo dogs are known for their beautiful white coat, which is made up of a dense undercoat and a longer, slightly harsher outer coat. Their double coat helps protect them in cold weather and gives them a fluffy appearance. They have erect ears and dark, almond-shaped eyes that exude intelligence and curiosity.

Temperament and Personality

American Eskimo dogs are known for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They are highly intelligent and thrive on mental stimulation and physical activity. They are naturally curious and enjoy exploring their surroundings. While they can be independent at times, they are also known to form strong bonds with their human family members.


One of the standout characteristics of American Eskimo dogs is their trainability. They are quick learners and excel in obedience and agility training. However, it’s important to note that they can be independent thinkers, so patience and consistency are key when training them.

Determining the Ideal Size for Your Lifestyle

Now that we have explored the different sizes and characteristics of American Eskimo dogs, let’s discuss how to determine the ideal size for your lifestyle.

Considerations for Owning a Standard American Eskimo Dog

If you have a spacious home and an active lifestyle, a Standard American Eskimo Dog may be a great fit for you. They require more exercise and have higher energy levels compared to the smaller sizes. Keep in mind that their larger size also means they need more space to roam and play.

Benefits and Considerations for Owning a Miniature American Eskimo Dog

The Miniature American Eskimo Dog is a versatile size that can adapt well to different living situations. They are suitable for both apartment living and larger homes. They still require regular exercise, but their energy levels are slightly lower compared to the Standard size.

Pros and Cons of Owning a Toy American Eskimo Dog

The Toy American Eskimo Dog is the smallest size and is well-suited for apartment living or homes with limited space. They require less exercise compared to the larger sizes, but they still need mental stimulation to keep them engaged and happy. It’s important to note that due to their small size, they may be more fragile and need to be handled with care.

Caring for American Eskimo Dogs of Different Sizes

Regardless of the size of your American Eskimo dog, there are certain care requirements that apply to all sizes.

Exercise Requirements

American Eskimo dogs are active and require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive toys can help meet their exercise needs. The amount of exercise required may vary slightly based on the size of your dog.

Diet and Nutrition

Providing a balanced diet is crucial for the overall health and well-being of your American Eskimo dog. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate portion sizes and choose high-quality dog food that meets their nutritional needs. It’s also important to monitor their weight to prevent obesity, especially in the smaller sizes.

Grooming Needs

American Eskimo dogs have a thick double coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting and to keep it looking its best. They shed moderately throughout the year, with heavier shedding occurring during seasonal coat changes. Depending on the size and coat type of your dog, you may need to schedule professional grooming appointments as well.

Health Concerns

While American Eskimo dogs are generally healthy, they may be prone to certain health conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups are important to monitor their overall health and catch any potential issues early on. Some common health concerns include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and patellar luxation.

Tips for Choosing the Right Size of American Eskimo Dog

When choosing the right size of American Eskimo dog for your lifestyle, consider the following factors:

Assessing Your Living Situation

Evaluate your living situation and determine the space available for your dog. Larger sizes may require more room to move around and play.

Matching Activity Levels

Consider your activity level and how much exercise you can provide for your dog. Match the energy levels of your dog with your own to ensure a harmonious relationship.

Evaluating Space Constraints

If you have limited space, consider the smaller sizes of American Eskimo dogs. They can adapt well to apartment living or homes with smaller yards.


In conclusion, American Eskimo dogs come in different sizes, ranging from Standard to Miniature to Toy. It’s important to understand the characteristics and care requirements associated with each size to choose the right fit for your lifestyle. Regardless of size, American Eskimo dogs are intelligent, friendly, and require regular exercise, proper nutrition, grooming, and veterinary care. By considering these factors and tips, you can make an informed decision and provide a loving and fulfilling life for your American Eskimo dog, no matter their size.

ThePetFaq Team