Can Rats Eat Broccoli? [Is This Vegetable Good for Them?]

Can rats eat broccoli? Many rat owners wonder what the optimal diet for their pets is and what vegetables are beneficial for them. In today’s post, I’m going to go over everything you need to know before you feed broccoli to your rat!

If you’ve got a pet rat you probably know that they can eat almost anything: they are omnivores that eat a whole range of foods. Nevertheless, while they are omnivores, they can not eat everything. For that reason, it’s essential that you do your research before introducing new foods that your rat has never eaten to their diet.

When it comes to broccoli, you’ll be happy to hear that rats can eat it without any problems, there is nothing in broccoli that’s harmful to rats. It’s a healthy vegetable for them to eat due to its high vitamin and mineral content. The vegetable is also very low in calories and because of this, there isn’t much risk of overfeeding. You can feed it to them both cooked and raw!

However, there are a few important things to know before you include this food into their diet.

What’s in broccoli – does it contain anything bad for rats?

picture of broccoli

Broccoli is a leafy green vegetable. It’s part of the cruciferous family, along with cabbage, kale, and cauliflower. The vegetable is native to the Mediterranean but in modern times it is produced and eaten all over the globe. Many people are aware of how good broccoli is for human health, but does the same apply to rats? Let’s take a look at what exactly is in this leafy green vegetable.

91 grams (1 cup) of broccoli contains the following:

  • 31 calories
  • 89% water
  • 2.5 grams of protein
  • 6 grams of carbs
  • 1.5 grams of sugar
  • 2.4 grams of fiber
  • 0.4 grams of fat

As you can see, it has an excellent nutritional profile. For a vegetable, it contains a high amount of protein and carbs while being low in fat and calories. This is great for rats because they need around 20% protein, 75% carbs, and 5% fat. The high fiber content is also beneficial for your rat’s digestive system.

But that’s not all, this green vegetable is also very high in several essential vitamins and minerals such as:

  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K1
  • Vitamin B9
  • Potassium
  • Manganese
  • Iron

These vitamins and minerals are essential for a healthy rat.

All in all, broccoli is a nutritional powerhouse for your rat. It doesn’t contain anything that’s harmful to your furry friend’s health and contains many nutrients that your rat will benefit from.

Raw, cooked, or steamed broccoli for rats?

Now that we know that broccoli is good for rats to eat the question that naturally follows is how they should consume it. Hardly anyone eats raw broccoli but for rats, it’s completely fine to eat it raw. Their strong teeth have no absolutely no problem chewing through it.

If you decide to let them eat it raw do make sure that you have washed the broccoli to get rid of any pesticides on the vegetable. The most effective way to get rid of pesticides is by soaking the broccoli in a solution of baking soda and water for 2 minutes(source). However, just washing it thoroughly under running water will also do fine, it’s just less effective.

You can also feed it to them boiled or steamed. If you do boil or steam it, make sure that it’s sufficiently cooled down before you give it to your rat; you don’t want them to burn their little mouth.

Boiling does reduce the number of antioxidants and vitamin C in broccoli, which is something to take into account. Steaming reduces it by less than boiling, making it a better option.

What about the stalk, leaves & stems?

picture of the leaves

The nice thing about rats and broccoli is that they can eat the entire thing!

There is no need to remove any parts of it because they can and will eat the whole thing just fine. The stalks contain a lot of fiber while the florets are higher in other nutrients such as beta carotene. For an optimal balance, it’s good to feed them a bit of both.

They can also eat the leaves without any issue.

How much broccoli should rats eat?

Rats should have a balanced diet. The majority of what they eat should consist of pellets but about 10-20% of their daily food intake (by weight) should consist of vegetables and fruits. The majority of this 10-20% should be made up of vegetables. A decent rule of thumb for the 10 to 20% vegetables and fruits they should eat is this:

  • 50% leafy greens
  • 20% colorful vegetables
  • 10% other vegetables
  • 10% legumes
  • 10% fruits

As you can see, the majority of their fruit and vegetable intake should consist of leafy greens which broccoli is a part of! If the only leafy green you feed your rat is broccoli you could make it 5-10% of their daily food intake (50% of 10-20% = 5-10%).

However, it’s best to give them a mixture of leafy greens and not only broccoli. Other leafy greens you can feed your rat include kale and arugula. By feeding them a diverse diet of these vegetables they will have a good balance of nutrients.

If you have never fed broccoli to your rat before then you should make sure to not give them too much of it at once. By introducing it into their diet slowly they will have time to adjust to it and it also gives you time to see how they react to it.

Do rats like to eat broccoli?

rats eating broccoli

The answer to this question depends highly on the rat in question.

No two rats are the same, and while some rats will absolutely love it and eat it whenever they can, others will not touch it. If they do not, there’s nothing to be worried about. Simply substitute broccoli with one of the other leafy greens (such as kale or arugula). Click here for a complete list of foods that rats can eat to get some ideas of other vegetables you can feed your rat.

Luckily, most rats aren’t very picky eaters and will eat almost anything; there’s a very high chance that your rat will like broccoli!


So, that’s everything there’s to know about rats and broccoli. They can eat every part of this vegetable as a part of a healthy diet both raw and cooked. It contains a good amount of fiber and vitamins while simultaneously being low in calories and fat. Make sure to balance the vegetables you feed your rat, do not only feed them any one vegetable. By giving them a diverse, balanced diet of different fruits and vegetables you’ll ensure that they receive all the nutrients their little bodies need to thrive!

I hope you learned something new from this guide. If you believe I’ve made a mistake or if there’s something you think I should add to this post do not hesitate to leave a comment!

ThePetFaq Team