Do Gerbils Need a Friend? The Ultimate Guide to Gerbil Socialization!

Gerbils are social animals that live in groups in the wild. They have a complex social hierarchy, which is established through a series of dominance and submissive behaviors. In a group, there is usually one dominant gerbil, and the others rank below it. This hierarchy is maintained through various non-aggressive behaviors, such as grooming, scent marking, and even play fighting.

The Importance of Socialization

Socializing gerbils is essential for their well-being. When gerbils are kept in isolation, they can become bored, depressed, and even aggressive. Socialization provides gerbils with companionship, mental stimulation, and opportunities for physical activity. Furthermore, socialization helps gerbils develop their social skills, including communication, problem-solving, and conflict resolution.

Should You Get Another Gerbil?

Assessing Your Gerbil’s Needs

Before getting another gerbil, it is important to assess your current gerbil’s needs. Some gerbils are happy living alone, while others need the company of their own kind. Signs that your gerbil may be lonely include lethargy, loss of appetite, and excessive grooming. If you notice any of these signs, it may be time to consider getting another gerbil.

Bringing Home a New Gerbil

When bringing home a new gerbil, it is important to choose a gerbil of the same sex and similar age. This will help prevent aggression and dominance issues. The gerbils should be introduced gradually, allowing them to get used to each other’s scent and presence. It is recommended that you quarantine the new gerbil for a few days before introducing it to your current gerbil to ensure that it is healthy.

Introducing Gerbils to Each Other

Preparing for the Introduction

Before introducing gerbils to each other, it is important to prepare a neutral territory. This can be a clean and empty cage or a playpen. The territory should be free of any smells or markings that could trigger aggression. It is also important to have a separate cage or enclosure ready in case the gerbils do not get along.

Neutral Territory

Once you have prepared the neutral territory, you can introduce the gerbils to each other. The best way to do this is to place them in the neutral territory at the same time. This will prevent one gerbil from feeling territorial. You can also provide them with some food, toys, and bedding to keep them occupied.

Introducing the Gerbils

During the introduction, it is important to supervise the gerbils at all times. You should look for signs of aggression, such as chasing, biting, or wrestling. If the gerbils seem to be getting along, you can leave them together for longer periods. However, if you notice any signs of aggression, you should separate them immediately.

Managing Gerbil Relationships

Normal Social Behaviors

Gerbils have a range of social behaviors that are completely normal. These behaviors include grooming, sleeping together, and playing. As long as the gerbils are not showing any signs of aggression, these behaviors are a good sign that they are getting along.

Signs of Aggression

Signs of aggression in gerbils include chasing, biting, and fighting. If you notice any of these signs, it is important to separate the gerbils immediately. You can try reintroducing them later, but if the aggression continues, they may need to be permanently separated.

Gender Dynamics

Male gerbils are generally more aggressive than females, so it is important to introduce them carefully. If you plan on keeping male gerbils together, it is recommended that they be littermates or introduced at a young age. Female gerbils, on the other hand, are generally more social and can be introduced more easily.

When Things Don’t Work Out

When to Give Up

If your gerbils are not getting along, even after repeated introductions, it may be time to give up. Some gerbils are simply not meant to live together. In this case, you may need to keep them in separate cages or find a new home for one of them.

Separating Gerbils

If you need to separate gerbils, it is important to provide each with its own cage, food, and water. You should also give each gerbil plenty of toys and activities to keep them occupied. It is important to keep the cages close to each other so that the gerbils can still interact and communicate.


In conclusion, gerbils are social animals that benefit greatly from socialization. If you are considering getting another gerbil, it is important to assess your current gerbil’s needs and choose a gerbil of the same sex and similar age. When introducing gerbils to each other, it is important to prepare a neutral territory and supervise the introduction. Finally, if things don’t work out, it is important to separate the gerbils and provide them with their own cages and activities. By following these guidelines, you can provide your gerbils with the socialization they need to be happy and healthy.

ThePetFaq Team