Do Hedgehogs Really Smell? Discover the Truth About Wild and Domestic Hedgehogs.

Hedgehogs are becoming increasingly popular as pets. They are small and require minimal space, making them ideal for apartment living. In addition, they have a unique appearance and are fascinating animals to observe. Hedgehogs have been domesticated for many years, and breeders have developed an array of colors and patterns, making them even more appealing to potential owners.

However, before deciding to get a hedgehog as a pet, it is important to understand their physiology and the potential for odor.

Hedgehog Physiology

Hedgehogs have several unique physical characteristics that contribute to their distinct odor.

Hedgehog Scent Glands and Their Purpose

Hedgehogs have scent glands located on their bellies, which they use for marking their territory. These glands produce a musky odor that can be quite strong, especially during the breeding season. Male hedgehogs tend to have a stronger odor than females as they produce more scent.

Hedgehog Quills: Structure and Function

Hedgehogs are covered in thousands of sharp, hollow quills that are made from keratin, the same material that makes up human hair and fingernails. These quills serve as a form of defense against potential predators. When threatened, hedgehogs will curl into a tight ball, exposing only their quills to deter predators.

While these quills serve as an effective defense mechanism, they also contribute to the hedgehog’s odor. The quills have a waxy coating that traps dirt and debris, which can cause an unpleasant smell.

Hedgehog Odor

Hedgehogs are known for their unique scent, which can be off-putting to some people. However, it is essential to understand that hedgehog odor is entirely normal and not a sign of poor hygiene or disease.

What Causes Hedgehog Odor?

As mentioned earlier, hedgehogs have scent glands that produce a musky odor. In addition to their scent glands, the waxy coating on their quills can trap dirt and debris, contributing to the odor. Hedgehogs also have a high metabolic rate, which means they produce more waste than other small animals like hamsters or gerbils.

Is Hedgehog Odor Normal?

Yes, hedgehog odor is normal. However, there are ways to minimize the smell. It is crucial to keep their habitat clean and change their bedding frequently. Regular bathing can also help reduce the odor, but be careful not to bathe them too often as it can dry out their skin and cause other health problems.

Wild Hedgehogs vs. Domestic Hedgehogs

Wild hedgehogs and domesticated hedgehogs have some significant differences that affect their odor.

Do Wild Hedgehogs Smell?

Wild hedgehogs tend to have a less pungent odor than their domesticated counterparts. This is because they do not spend as much time in close proximity to humans, and their natural habitat allows for better airflow and ventilation.

Can Domestic Hedgehogs Develop a Bad Smell?

Yes, domesticated hedgehogs can develop a bad odor if their habitat is not kept clean. In addition, poor diet and underlying health issues can cause an increase in odor.

Hedgehog Care and Maintenance

Proper care and maintenance are essential for keeping hedgehogs smelling fresh and clean.

How to Reduce Hedgehog Odor

To reduce hedgehog odor, it is essential to keep their habitat clean. This means cleaning their cage regularly and changing their bedding frequently. You can also try using a litter box or litter pan to reduce waste buildup.

Bathing your hedgehog can also help reduce odor, but it is essential to use a gentle, hedgehog-specific shampoo and not to bathe them too often.

Other Factors that Affect Hedgehog Odor

In addition to proper hygiene, diet and health can also affect hedgehog odor. Feeding your hedgehog a high-quality diet that is rich in protein and fiber can help reduce odor. It is also essential to ensure that they have access to clean water at all times.

Regular veterinary checkups can help detect any underlying health issues that may be contributing to odor.


In conclusion, hedgehogs do have a distinct odor, but it is entirely normal and not a sign of poor hygiene or disease. Proper care and maintenance, including regular cleaning and bathing, can help reduce the smell. Wild hedgehogs tend to have a less pungent odor than their domesticated counterparts, but domesticated hedgehogs can still make great pets with proper care. By understanding their unique physiology and needs, hedgehogs can be enjoyable and rewarding pets for many years.

ThePetFaq Team