How Many Types of Cockatiels are There? A Comprehensive Guide.

The first cockatiels were brought to the United States in the 1940s, but it wasn’t until the 1960s and 1970s that they became popular as pets. Today, cockatiels are one of the most popular pet birds in the world, with millions of them kept as pets in homes all over the world.

Types of Cockatiels

There are several different types of cockatiels, each with their own unique colors and markings. Some of the most common types of cockatiels include:

Normal Gray Cockatiels

Normal gray cockatiels are the most common type of cockatiel and are the wild type of cockatiel. They have a gray body, white wings, and a yellow face with bright orange cheek patches.

Pied Cockatiels

Pied cockatiels have a combination of white and grey feathers, giving them a unique pied pattern. They may also have some yellow or orange on their faces.

Cinnamon Cockatiels

Cinnamon cockatiels have a warm, cinnamon brown coloration on their wings, back, and tail feathers, with a lighter gray or yellow color on their bodies.

Lutino Cockatiels

Lutino cockatiels are completely yellow with bright orange cheek patches. They have red eyes and are a striking addition to any aviary.

Pearl Cockatiels

Pearl cockatiels have a unique pattern of pearl-like spots on their back, wings, and tail feathers. They may have yellow or gray faces, depending on the individual bird.

White-faced Cockatiels

White-faced cockatiels have a completely white face with no orange cheek patches. They have a gray body and white wings.

Yellow-faced Cockatiels

Yellow-faced cockatiels have a yellow face with bright orange cheek patches. Their body is a warm gray color, and their wings are white.

Silver Cockatiels

Silver cockatiels have a unique silver-gray coloration on their wings and body, with a white face and bright orange cheek patches.

Emerald Cockatiels

Emerald cockatiels have a unique green coloration on their wings, back, and tail feathers, with a gray or yellow body.

Dominant Silver Cockatiels

Dominant silver cockatiels have a unique silver-gray coloration on their wings and body, with a bright yellow face and orange cheek patches.

Platinum Cockatiels

Platinum cockatiels have a unique platinum coloration on their wings, back, and tail feathers, with a white face and bright orange cheek patches.

Fallow Cockatiels

Fallow cockatiels have a warm, cinnamon brown coloration on their wings, back, and tail feathers, with a pale gray or yellow body.

Rare Cockatiels

There are several rare types of cockatiels, including the albino cockatiel (completely white with red eyes) and the cinnamon pearl cockatiel (a combination of cinnamon and pearl patterns).

Physical Characteristics of Different Cockatiels

Size and Weight

Cockatiels are small birds, typically weighing between 80 and 100 grams and measuring between 12 and 14 inches in length.

Color and Pattern

The color and pattern of a cockatiel can vary greatly depending on the type of cockatiel. Some cockatiels may have unique patterns of spots or stripes on their wings, back, and tail feathers, while others may have solid coloration.

Feather Quality and Condition

The quality and condition of a cockatiel’s feathers can give you important clues about their overall health. Healthy feathers should be shiny, smooth, and free of bald spots or discoloration.

Cockatiel Diet and Nutrition Requirements

Seed-based Diet

A seed-based diet is not recommended for cockatiels, as it can lead to nutritional deficiencies and health problems.

Pellet-based Diet

A pellet-based diet is recommended for cockatiels, as it provides a balanced and complete source of nutrition.

Fruit and Vegetable Supplements

In addition to a pellet-based diet, cockatiels should also be offered a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables to supplement their nutrition.

Cockatiel Treats

Treats should be given sparingly, as they can be high in fat and sugar. Some good treats for cockatiels include millet sprays, fresh berries, and small amounts of nuts or seeds.

Cockatiel Care Requirements

Cage Size and Setup

Cockatiels should be kept in a large cage that allows them plenty of space to move around and exercise. The cage should be equipped with perches, toys, and food and water dishes.

Temperature and Humidity

Cockatiels are sensitive to temperature and humidity changes and should be kept in a warm, humid environment.

Cleaning and Maintenance

Cockatiel cages should be cleaned regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria and other harmful substances. The cage should be cleaned with soap and water, and any soiled bedding or food should be removed and replaced.

Enrichment and Toys

Cockatiels are intelligent birds that require mental stimulation and enrichment. Providing them with toys, perches, and other forms of entertainment can help prevent boredom and promote healthy behavior.

Common Health Problems in Cockatiels

Respiratory Infections

Respiratory infections are a common health problem in cockatiels and can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor nutrition, stress, and exposure to drafts or other environmental factors.


Psittacosis is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted to humans from infected birds. Symptoms include fever, headache, and respiratory problems.

Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease

Psittacine beak and feather disease is a viral infection that can cause feather loss and beak abnormalities.

Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty liver disease is a common health problem in cockatiels that can be caused by a poor diet or lack of exercise.

Wing Clipping

Wing clipping is a common practice among cockatiel owners that involves trimming the tips of the bird’s wings to prevent them from flying. This practice can be harmful and should be avoided whenever possible.

Cockatiel Breeding

Mating Behavior

Cockatiels are monogamous birds that typically mate for life. During the breeding season, males may engage in courtship displays and vocalizations to attract a mate.

Egg Laying and Incubation

Female cockatiels will lay eggs in a nesting box or other suitable location. The eggs will hatch after an incubation period of approximately 18-21 days.

Chick Care and Feeding

Cockatiel chicks require a specialized diet and care to ensure their health and development.

Cockatiel Genetics

Understanding cockatiel genetics can help you predict the color and pattern of future offspring.


Cockatiels are fascinating birds that make wonderful pets for the right owner. By understanding the different types of cockatiels, their unique care requirements, and common health problems, you can provide your pet with the best possible care and enjoy many years of companionship together. Remember to always consult with a veterinarian or experienced bird breeder if you have any questions or concerns about your cockatiel’s health or behavior.

ThePetFaq Team