How Often Should You Change Your Hamster’s Bedding?

Hamsters are adorable little creatures that make great pets. They are small, cute, and easy to take care of.

However, taking care of a hamster does require some attention to detail. One of the most important aspects of hamster care is providing them with a clean and comfortable living environment.

This includes changing their bedding regularly. In this blog post, we will discuss how often you should change your hamster’s bedding and how to choose the right bedding for your furry friend.

What is hamster bedding?

Hamster bedding refers to the material used to line the bottom of your hamster’s cage. Bedding provides insulation, absorbs moisture, and helps control odor. It also gives your hamster something to burrow and nest in, which is important for their mental and physical health.

Changing your hamster’s bedding is important for several reasons. First, bedding can become soiled with urine and feces, which can lead to unpleasant odors and bacterial growth. Second, dirty bedding can cause respiratory problems and skin irritations for your hamster. Finally, regular bedding changes provide an opportunity to thoroughly clean your hamster’s cage, which helps prevent the spread of disease and parasites.

Frequency of Changing Bedding

Factors affecting bedding change frequency

The frequency of bedding changes depends on several factors, including the size of your hamster’s cage, the type of bedding used, and the number of hamsters living in the same cage.

Larger cages with fewer hamsters may require less frequent bedding changes than smaller cages with more hamsters. Similarly, some types of bedding, such as paper-based bedding, may absorb moisture better than others, which can extend the time between changes.

How often should you change your hamster’s bedding?

As a general rule, hamster bedding should be changed at least once a week. However, this may vary depending on the factors mentioned above.

If you notice a strong odor or visible soiling before the week is up, you should change the bedding right away. On the other hand, if the bedding still looks clean and dry after a week, you may be able to wait a few more days before changing it.

However, it is always better to change the bedding too frequently than not often enough. Dirty bedding can pose a threat to your hamster’s wellbeing.

Signs that indicate the need for a bedding change

In addition to odor and visible soiling, there are other signs that your hamster’s bedding needs to be changed. These include:

  • Wet spots on the bedding
  • Matted or clumped bedding
  • Signs of mold or mildew
  • Excessive sneezing or coughing from your hamster

If you notice any of these signs, it’s essential that you change the bedding right away.

Choosing the Right Bedding

Types of bedding materials

There are several types of bedding materials available for hamsters, including:

  • Paper-based bedding (e.g. Carefresh)
  • Wood shavings (e.g. aspen or pine)
  • Corn cob bedding
  • Straw or hay

Each type of bedding has its pros and cons, which we will discuss in the next section.

Pros and cons of different bedding options

Paper-based bedding is a popular choice for hamsters because it is absorbent, dust-free, and biodegradable. It is also available in a variety of colors and scents to suit your personal preference. However, it can be more expensive than other types of bedding and may need to be changed more frequently.

Wood shavings are another common bedding option. Aspen shavings are a good choice because they are absorbent and do not contain harmful oils that can irritate your hamster’s skin. Pine shavings are not recommended because they contain aromatic oils that can be harmful to your hamster’s respiratory system. Wood shavings are less expensive than paper-based bedding but may be more dusty.

Corn cob bedding is made from ground corn cobs and is absorbent and low-dust. However, it can be more expensive than other types of bedding and may not be as readily available in pet stores. In addition, some concerns regarding its safety.

Straw and hay bedding is a natural choice for hamsters, but it is not as absorbent as other types of bedding and may need to be changed more frequently. It can also be more difficult to find in pet stores.

How to choose the best bedding for your hamster

When choosing bedding for your hamster, consider the following factors:

  • Absorbency: Look for bedding that is absorbent enough to control moisture and odor.
  • Dust: Avoid bedding that is too dusty, as it can cause respiratory problems for your hamster.
  • Comfort: Choose bedding that your hamster can burrow and nest in comfortably.
  • Safety: Avoid bedding that contains harmful chemicals or oils that can irritate your hamster’s skin or respiratory system.
  • Availability: Choose a type of bedding that is readily available in pet stores or online.

Bedding Change Procedure

Step-by-step guide to changing hamster bedding

To change your hamster’s bedding, follow these steps:

  1. Remove your hamster from the cage and place them in a secure location.
  2. Remove any toys or accessories from the cage.
  3. Use a scoop or a small dustpan to remove the soiled bedding.
  4. Wipe down the cage with a mild detergent and warm water.
  5. Rinse the cage thoroughly and dry it with a clean towel.
  6. Add fresh bedding to the cage, filling it to a depth of at least 1-2 inches.
  7. Replace any toys or accessories and return your hamster to the cage.

Tips for a successful bedding change

  • Use gloves and a mask when handling bedding to avoid inhaling dust or coming into contact with bacteria.
  • Provide your hamster with a temporary housing solution while you clean their cage, such as a travel carrier or a playpen.
  • Use a scoop or small dustpan to remove the old bedding, rather than vacuuming or sweeping it up, to prevent dust from spreading.
  • Use a mild detergent and warm water to clean the cage, rather than harsh chemicals that can harm your hamster.

Mistakes to avoid when changing hamster bedding

  • Don’t forget to thoroughly clean and dry the cage before adding fresh bedding.
  • Don’t use scented or dyed bedding, as it can be harmful to your hamster.
  • Don’t overcrowd your hamster’s cage with too much bedding or accessories. This can make it difficult for them to move around and can lead to stress.


Changing your hamster’s bedding regularly is essential for their health and well-being. By choosing the right type of bedding, following proper cleaning procedures, and monitoring for signs of soiling or mold, you can help ensure that your hamster has a clean and comfortable living environment.

Providing your hamster with a clean and comfortable living environment is essential for their physical and mental health. A dirty or overcrowded cage can lead to stress, illness, and behavioral problems. By taking the time to choose the right bedding, clean the cage regularly, and monitor your hamster’s health, you can help ensure that they thrive in their home.

ThePetFaq Team