What Are The Best Treats and Food For Hedgehogs? A Comprehensive Guide!

Hedgehogs are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and animals. Their diet should contain a good balance of protein, fat, and fiber. In the wild, hedgehogs eat insects, snails, slugs, and occasionally small mice. Domesticated hedgehogs can be fed a commercial hedgehog food that is formulated to meet their nutritional requirements.

What You Should Avoid Feeding Your Hedgehog

While hedgehogs can eat a variety of foods, there are some things you should avoid feeding them. These include:

– Chocolate: Chocolate contains theobromine, which is toxic to hedgehogs and can cause seizures or death.
– Sugary Foods: Hedgehogs can develop tooth decay and other health problems if they consume too much sugar.
– Citrus Fruits: Citrus fruits can cause stomach upsets in hedgehogs, leading to diarrhea and vomiting.
– Raw Meat: Raw meat can contain bacteria that can be harmful to hedgehogs. It’s best to cook all meat before feeding it to your pet.
– Dairy Products: Most hedgehogs are lactose intolerant, and dairy products can cause digestive problems.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Hedgehog Food

When choosing hedgehog food, there are several factors to consider. These include:

– Nutritional Value: Make sure the food you choose meets your hedgehog’s nutritional requirements.
– Ingredients: Avoid foods that contain artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives.
– Protein Content: Hedgehogs need a high protein diet, so choose food that has at least 25% protein.
– Fat Content: Hedgehogs need fat in their diet, but too much fat can lead to obesity and other health problems.
– Fiber Content: A good hedgehog food should contain at least 5% fiber to promote healthy digestion.

Types of Commercial Hedgehog Food

There are several types of commercial hedgehog food available, including dry kibble, wet food, and freeze-dried food. Dry kibble is the most common type and is convenient to store and feed. Wet food can provide extra moisture for hedgehogs who don’t drink enough water, while freeze-dried food is a good option for hedgehogs who prefer fresh food.

Homemade Hedgehog Food

Recipes for Hedgehog Food

Making your hedgehog food is an excellent way to provide them with a fresh and balanced diet. Some homemade hedgehog food recipes include:

– Chicken and Vegetables: Cooked chicken breast, peas, carrots, and brown rice.
– Turkey and Sweet Potato: Cooked turkey breast, sweet potato, and green beans.
– Tuna and Egg: Canned tuna, egg, and brown rice.

Preparing Balanced Hedgehog Meals at Home

When preparing homemade hedgehog food, it’s essential to make sure that the meal is balanced and meets your pet’s nutritional requirements. You can achieve this by including a good balance of protein, fat, and fiber in the food. Also, consider adding some supplements to ensure your hedgehog gets all the necessary vitamins and minerals.

Hedgehog Treats

Types of Hedgehog Treats

Hedgehogs enjoy treats, and they can be an excellent way to bond with your pet. Some treats that hedgehogs enjoy include:

– Mealworms: Mealworms are a great source of protein and can be fed to hedgehogs as an occasional treat.
– Cooked Vegetables: Cooked sweet potato, carrots, and green beans make great treats for hedgehogs.
– Fruit: Hedgehogs can eat small amounts of fruit, such as apples and bananas, as a treat.

Commercial vs. Homemade Hedgehog Treats

Commercial hedgehog treats can be convenient, but they often contain high levels of sugar and preservatives. Homemade treats can be a healthier option, and you can control the ingredients used.

How Often to Offer Treats to Hedgehogs

Treats should be offered to hedgehogs in moderation, and they should not make up more than 10% of their diet. Too many treats can lead to obesity and other health problems.

Supplements and Vitamins for Hedgehogs

Why Hedgehogs Need Supplements and Vitamins

Hedgehogs require certain vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. However, their diet may not always provide them with enough of these nutrients. Supplements and vitamins can help ensure that your hedgehog gets everything they need.

Types of Supplements and Vitamins for Hedgehogs

Some essential supplements and vitamins for hedgehogs include:

– Calcium: Hedgehogs need calcium to keep their bones and teeth healthy.
– Vitamin D: Vitamin D helps hedgehogs absorb calcium.
– Vitamin E: Vitamin E is an essential antioxidant that helps protect hedgehogs from disease.
– Vitamin C: Vitamin C is a crucial vitamin for hedgehogs and helps boost their immune system.

Choosing the Right Supplements and Vitamins for Your Hedgehog

It’s essential to choose the right supplements and vitamins for your hedgehog. Talk to your veterinarian for recommendations based on your hedgehog’s specific needs.


Hedgehogs are unique and fascinating pets that require a balanced diet to stay healthy. Understanding their basic nutritional needs, choosing the right food, and offering treats and supplements in moderation can help keep your hedgehog healthy and happy. Whether you choose to feed them commercial food or make homemade meals, ensuring that their diet meets their specific requirements is crucial. Remember to talk to your veterinarian for recommendations and advice on the best food and supplements for your pet hedgehog. And to answer the question, no, hedgehogs’ quills do not change color.

ThePetFaq Team