What Are the Essential Supplies for a Gecko Tank? A Comprehensive Guide.

The way you set up your gecko’s tank plays a vital role in their health and happiness. Geckos are ectothermic, which means they rely on external sources of heat to regulate their body temperature. They also require a specific level of humidity to thrive. If their enclosure is too hot, too cold, or too dry, it can lead to serious health problems like dehydration, respiratory infections, and other illnesses. Therefore, it is essential to provide them with the right environment to ensure their well-being.


The enclosure is the most critical aspect of your gecko’s habitat. It provides them with a safe and secure space to live and play. When choosing an enclosure, there are several factors to consider.

Size and Type of Enclosure

The size of the enclosure is crucial to the health and happiness of your gecko. They require enough space to move around and explore. The general rule of thumb is to provide at least 10 gallons of space per gecko, but some species may require more. For example, leopard geckos need a minimum of 20 gallons of space.

The type of enclosure you choose is also important. Glass terrariums are the most popular choice for geckos as they provide excellent visibility and are easy to clean. Screen enclosures are another option, but they do not retain heat and humidity as well as glass. Whichever type of enclosure you choose, make sure it has a secure lid to prevent your gecko from escaping.


The substrate is the material you use to line the bottom of your gecko’s enclosure. There are several options to choose from, but it is essential to select one that is safe for your gecko and easy to clean. Some popular choices include reptile carpet, paper towels, coconut fiber, and sand.

Reptile carpet and paper towels are easy to clean and safe for your gecko, but they do not retain moisture well. Coconut fiber is an excellent choice for geckos as it is absorbent and holds moisture, but it can be messy and difficult to clean. Sand is not recommended as it can cause impaction if ingested.

Decorations and Hides

Geckos love to explore and climb, so it is essential to provide them with plenty of decorations and hides in their enclosure. Some popular options include branches, rocks, plants, and caves. These items not only provide stimulation for your gecko, but they also create a natural-looking habitat.

Make sure to select decorations that are safe for your gecko and easy to clean. Avoid using anything with sharp edges or small parts that your gecko could swallow.

Lighting and Heating

Geckos require specific lighting and heating to regulate their body temperature and maintain their health.

Type of Lighting

Geckos require access to UVB lighting to help them absorb calcium and maintain healthy bones. UVB lighting should be provided for 10-12 hours per day and replaced every 6-12 months.

Heat Sources

There are several options for heating your gecko’s enclosure, including heat bulbs, ceramic heat emitters, and heat mats. Heat bulbs provide both heat and light and are an excellent choice for diurnal species like leopard geckos. Ceramic heat emitters provide heat without light, making them a good choice for nocturnal species. Heat mats are placed under the enclosure to provide a warm surface for your gecko to lay on.

Temperature and Humidity Control

It is essential to monitor the temperature and humidity levels in your gecko’s enclosure to ensure they are within the appropriate range. The temperature should be kept between 75-85°F during the day and no lower than 65°F at night. The humidity level should be kept between 50-70%.

You can use a thermometer and hygrometer to monitor the temperature and humidity levels. If the humidity level is too low, you can increase it by misting the enclosure with water or adding a humidifier.

Nutrition and Feeding

Proper nutrition is essential for your gecko’s health and well-being.

Gecko Diet

Geckos are carnivorous and require a diet that is high in protein. The most common food for geckos is crickets, but they also eat mealworms, waxworms, and other insects. Some geckos also enjoy a small amount of fruit or vegetables.

It is essential to provide a variety of food to ensure your gecko is getting all the nutrients they need. You can also supplement their diet with calcium and vitamin D3 powder to help maintain healthy bones.

Feeding Schedule

The feeding schedule for your gecko will depend on their age and species. As a general rule, juvenile geckos should be fed every day, while adult geckos can be fed every other day or a few times per week. It is essential to monitor your gecko’s weight and adjust their feeding schedule as needed.

Health and Maintenance

Maintaining your gecko’s enclosure and monitoring their health is crucial to their well-being.

Cleaning and Disinfecting

Regular cleaning and disinfecting of your gecko’s enclosure is essential to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and parasites. You should spot clean the enclosure daily and perform a deep clean every 2-4 weeks. Use a reptile-safe disinfectant to clean the enclosure and any decorations or hides.

Common Health Issues

Some common health issues that geckos may experience include metabolic bone disease, respiratory infections, and parasites. It is essential to monitor your gecko for any signs of illness, such as lethargy, loss of appetite, or difficulty breathing.

Veterinary Care

If you suspect your gecko is sick, it is important to take them to a reptile veterinarian. They can perform a thorough examination and provide treatment if necessary.


In conclusion, providing your gecko with a suitable enclosure, proper lighting and heating, a nutritious diet, and regular maintenance and monitoring are crucial to their health and happiness. By following this comprehensive guide, you can ensure that your gecko has everything they need to thrive in their new home.

ThePetFaq Team