What Do Somali Cats Eat? A Comprehensive Guide to Their Diet

The physical appearance of Somali cats is one of their most distinguishing features. Their coats are usually a mix of warm, earthy colors, such as red, ruddy, or blue. The fur is long and silky, with a dense undercoat that provides insulation and protection. Their almond-shaped eyes are typically a shade of green or amber, which adds to their captivating charm.

Personality Traits

Somali cats have a vibrant and lively personality. They are known for being affectionate, playful, and loyal to their owners. These cats thrive on human interaction and enjoy being a part of the family. They are intelligent and curious, often finding joy in exploring their surroundings. Somali cats are also known for their communication skills and may use their expressive voices to interact with their owners.

Understanding the Dietary Needs of Somali Cats

As obligate carnivores, Somali cats require a diet that primarily consists of animal-based protein. Their bodies are designed to metabolize protein efficiently, making it a crucial component of their diet. It is important to provide them with high-quality cat food that meets their nutritional needs.

The Obligate Carnivore Nature

As descendants of the wild African wildcats, Somali cats have retained their carnivorous instincts. Their bodies are adapted to consuming meat, and they lack the necessary enzymes to digest plant matter effectively. A diet rich in animal protein ensures that they receive the essential nutrients they need to thrive.

Importance of High-Quality Cat Food

Choosing high-quality cat food is vital to meet the nutritional requirements of Somali cats. Look for cat food brands that use real animal proteins as the primary ingredient. Avoid products that contain fillers, by-products, or excessive amounts of grains, as these may not provide the necessary nutrients.

The Essential Nutrients for Somali Cats

To ensure a well-balanced diet, Somali cats require a combination of essential nutrients.

Protein Requirements

Protein is a fundamental component of a Somali cat’s diet. It is essential for muscle development, tissue repair, and overall growth. Look for cat foods that contain high levels of quality animal-based protein, such as chicken, turkey, or fish.

Fats and Fatty Acids

Fats are an important energy source for Somali cats. They provide essential fatty acids, such as omega-3 and omega-6, which promote healthy skin and coat. Look for cat foods that contain healthy fats, such as those derived from fish or chicken.

Carbohydrates in the Diet

While Somali cats require minimal carbohydrates in their diet, a small amount can be beneficial as a source of energy. Look for cat foods that include easily digestible carbohydrates, such as sweet potatoes or peas.

Choosing the Right Cat Food for Somali Cats

Selecting the right cat food for your Somali cat can be overwhelming with the abundance of options available. Here are some key factors to consider:

Reading Cat Food Labels

Reading cat food labels can provide valuable information about the nutritional content of the product. Look for labels that clearly state the presence of high-quality animal proteins and the absence of artificial additives or fillers.

Identifying Quality Ingredients

When choosing cat food for Somali cats, prioritize ingredients that are natural, recognizable, and of high quality. Avoid products that contain excessive amounts of grains, fillers, or artificial preservatives.

Raw Food Diet for Somali Cats

A raw food diet can be a suitable option for Somali cats, as it closely resembles their natural prey-based diet. Many cat owners who follow a raw food diet for their pets report numerous benefits, including improved coat condition, increased energy levels, and better digestion.

The Benefits of Raw Food

A raw food diet consists of uncooked meat, bones, and organs. This type of diet provides essential nutrients in their natural form and can help maintain optimal health in Somali cats. It can also help promote dental health and reduce the risk of certain diseases.

Safety and Precautions

Feeding a raw food diet requires careful handling and preparation to ensure food safety and minimize the risk of bacterial contamination. It is essential to consult with a veterinarian before transitioning to a raw food diet to ensure it is appropriate for your Somali cat and to receive guidance on proper handling and sourcing of ingredients.

Supplementary Foods for Somali Cats

In addition to their regular cat food, Somali cats can benefit from certain supplementary foods.

Safe Human Foods for Cats

Some human foods can be shared with Somali cats in moderation. Cooked chicken, turkey, or fish can be given as a treat or added as a topper to their regular meals. However, it is important to avoid seasoning, spices, and any harmful ingredients such as onions or garlic.

Safe Cat Treats

Cat treats can be a fun and rewarding way to bond with your Somali cat. Look for treats that are specifically formulated for cats, and choose options that are made with high-quality ingredients and free from artificial additives or fillers.

Feeding Schedule and Portion Control

Establishing a consistent feeding schedule and practicing portion control is important to maintain a healthy weight for your Somali cat.

Meal Frequency

Somali cats typically benefit from multiple small meals throughout the day. This mimics their natural hunting behavior and allows for better digestion. Aim for at least two to three small meals daily.

Portion Sizes

The appropriate portion size for your Somali cat depends on factors such as age, activity level, and overall health. It is important to follow the feeding guidelines provided on the cat food packaging as a starting point and adjust accordingly based on your cat’s individual needs.

Water and Hydration

Proper hydration is vital for the overall health and well-being of Somali cats. Always ensure that your cat has access to fresh, clean water. Some cats prefer running water, so investing in a cat water fountain can be beneficial.

Common Dietary Issues in Somali Cats

While Somali cats are generally healthy, they may be prone to certain dietary issues.

Food Allergies and Sensitivities

Some Somali cats may develop food allergies or sensitivities. If you notice any signs of digestive upset, skin irritation, or excessive itching, consult with a veterinarian to determine if a specific ingredient or allergen is causing the issue.

Weight Management

Maintaining a healthy weight is important for Somali cats to prevent obesity-related health problems. If you notice your cat gaining or losing weight, consult with a veterinarian to develop an appropriate feeding plan and ensure your cat’s nutritional needs are being met.

Feeding Tips for Somali Kittens

Somali kittens have unique dietary needs as they grow and develop. It is important to provide them with a diet that supports their growth and provides essential nutrients. Consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate kitten food and feeding schedule for your Somali kitten.

Transitioning Diets

If you need to switch your Somali cat’s diet, it is important to do so gradually. Sudden changes in diet can cause digestive upset. Gradually introduce the new food by mixing small amounts with the old food, increasing the proportion of the new food over time.

Monitoring Your Somali Cat’s Health and Well-being

Regularly monitor your Somali cat’s health and well-being to ensure they are thriving on their diet.

Signs of a Balanced Diet

A balanced diet should result in healthy weight maintenance, a shiny coat, strong teeth and gums, and overall energy and vitality. If your Somali cat exhibits any unusual symptoms or changes in behavior, it may indicate a potential health issue.

When to Consult a Veterinarian

If you have concerns about your Somali cat’s diet, it is always best to consult with a veterinarian. They can provide tailored advice, recommend appropriate cat food brands, and address any specific dietary needs or concerns.


Understanding the dietary needs of Somali cats is essential for their overall health and well-being. As obligate carnivores, they thrive on a diet rich in high-quality animal protein. By providing them with a balanced and nutritionally complete diet, you can ensure that your Somali cat stays happy, healthy, and full of energy. Remember to consult with a veterinarian for personalized advice and guidance on your Somali cat’s specific dietary needs.

ThePetFaq Team