When and How Do Leopard Geckos Brumate? Your Ultimate Guide to Understanding This Phenomenon.

Brumation is a state of reduced activity in reptiles, similar to hibernation in mammals. During this period, leopard geckos slow down their metabolism, eat and drink less, and lower their body temperature. Brumation typically occurs during the winter months and can last several weeks to a few months.

Why Do Leopard Geckos Brumate?

In the wild, leopard geckos brumate as a way to conserve energy and survive during the colder months when food and water are scarce. Brumation allows them to slow down their metabolism and reduce their energy consumption. In captivity, brumation is not necessary, but some leopard geckos may still enter this state as a natural instinct.

When Do Leopard Geckos Brumate?

Factors That Trigger Brumation

Several factors can trigger brumation in leopard geckos. These include changes in temperature, light, and food availability. As the days get shorter and the temperature drops, leopard geckos may naturally enter brumation mode.

Timing: How Long Do Leopard Geckos Brumate?

The duration of brumation varies between individual leopard geckos. Some may brumate for a few weeks, while others can stay in this state for several months. The duration also depends on factors such as their age, health, and the environmental conditions during brumation.

How Do Leopard Geckos Prepare for Brumation?

Physical Changes: What Happens to Leopard Geckos During Brumation?

Before entering brumation, leopard geckos undergo physical changes. They may stop eating and drinking and become lethargic. Their body temperature drops, and they may spend more time hiding or burrowing.

How to Tell If Your Leopard Gecko is Ready to Brumate

It is essential to monitor your leopard gecko’s behavior and physical changes to determine if they are ready to brumate. Signs that your leopard gecko is getting ready for brumation include reduced appetite, lethargy, and spending more time hiding or burrowing.

How to Prepare for Brumation:

Enclosure Setup

Before your leopard gecko enters brumation, you need to prepare their enclosure. Provide a hiding spot, such as a cave or a box, where they can retreat and stay warm. Make sure the enclosure is large enough to allow them to move around but not too big to cool down quickly.

Temperature and Lighting Changes

During brumation, you need to lower the temperature and reduce the light in the enclosure. The temperature should be between 60-70°F (15-21°C) and the light should be dimmed or turned off. However, make sure to use a heat source to maintain a constant temperature.

Feeding and Hydration: What to Do Before Brumation

Before entering brumation, make sure your leopard gecko is well-fed and hydrated. Offer them water and food, such as insects, a few days before brumation. However, do not feed them during brumation, as they will not be able to digest the food properly.

During Brumation:

What Happens to Leopard Geckos During Brumation?

During brumation, leopard geckos become less active and spend most of their time hiding or burrowing. They may occasionally wake up to drink water or move around. Their metabolism slows down, and they do not eat or drink much.

Monitoring Your Leopard Gecko During Brumation

It is important to monitor your leopard gecko’s health during brumation. Check their weight, hydration, and body condition regularly. Make sure they have access to water and maintain a consistent temperature in their enclosure.

Ending Brumation:

How to End Brumation

When your leopard gecko is ready to end brumation, gradually increase the temperature and light in their enclosure over a few days. Offer them water and food and monitor their appetite. Once they start eating again, you can resume their regular feeding and lighting schedule.

Post-Brumation Care: What to Expect

After brumation, your leopard gecko may need some time to adjust to their regular routine. Offer them water and food and monitor their behavior and health. They may shed their skin, which is normal after brumation.


Benefits of Brumation for Leopard Geckos

Brumation is a natural behavior for leopard geckos that helps them conserve energy and survive during harsh conditions. It also helps them reset their internal clock and prepare for the breeding season.

Tips for Successful Brumation

To ensure a successful brumation, monitor your leopard gecko’s behavior and physical changes, prepare their enclosure, provide water and food before and after brumation, and gradually end brumation. Remember that not all leopard geckos will brumate, and it is not necessary in captivity, but it is a natural behavior that you should be aware of if you own a leopard gecko.

ThePetFaq Team