Why Do Hamsters Spit Out Their Food? Is it Cause For Concern?

Hamsters are one of the most popular pets in the world, known for their adorable looks and playful behavior.

They are small rodents that are native to the deserts of Syria, but are now commonly kept as pets all around the world.

Hamsters are known for their love of food, and as a result, they often store extra food in their cheeks. However, sometimes they also spit out their food, which can be concerning for pet owners.

In this blog post, we will explore the reasons why hamsters spit out their food and what pet owners can do to prevent this behavior.

Reasons Why Hamsters Spit Out Their Food

There are several reasons why hamsters spit out their food. Some of the most common reasons are:

Dental Issues

Hamsters, like all rodents, have teeth that constantly grow throughout their lifetime. If their teeth become too long or misaligned, it can cause discomfort and pain when eating. As a result, hamsters may spit out their food if it is too hard or difficult to chew.

If you notice that your hamster is consistently spitting out their food, it is important to schedule a dental check-up with a veterinarian to ensure that their teeth are healthy.

Inappropriate Food Items

Hamsters have a delicate digestive system and can only eat certain types of food. If they are given inappropriate food items, it can cause digestive issues, which can lead to them spitting out their food.

For example, hamsters should not be given citrus fruits, chocolate, onions, garlic, or foods high in sugar. If you are unsure about what foods are safe for your hamster to eat, consult with a veterinarian or do some research online.

Natural Behavior

Hamsters have a natural instinct to forage and hoard food. In the wild, they would collect food and store it in underground burrows for later use.

As a result, hamsters may spit out their food if they feel that they have enough or if they are saving it for later.

This behavior is not necessarily a cause for concern, but it is important to ensure that your hamster has access to fresh food and water at all times.


If your hamster tends to spit out its food when you pick it up then this is likely a reaction out of fear. Hamsters are prey animals, and when they run away from predators it’s much easier for them to do so when they don’t have their cheeks stuffed with food. Because of this, they tend to spit out their food if they get frightened and are planning to flee.

How to Prevent Hamsters from Spitting Out Their Food

There are several things that pet owners can do to prevent hamsters from spitting out their food. These include:

Provide Appropriate Food Items

Hamsters should be given a diet that is rich in fiber, protein, and vitamins. Some good food options include Timothy hay, fresh vegetables and fruits, and specially formulated hamster pellets. Avoid giving your hamster processed or sugary foods, as these can cause digestive issues and tooth decay.

Give Dental Chews and Toys

To prevent dental issues, provide your hamster with dental chews and toys that help to wear down their teeth. These can include blocks of wood, mineral blocks, or chew toys made specifically for hamsters.

Provide Adequate Fresh Water

Make sure that your hamster always has access to fresh water. You can provide this by using a water bottle or a shallow dish. Change the water daily and clean the dish or bottle regularly.


If you suspect that your hamster is spitting out its food because of fear it’s important that you bond with it so that it’s not scared of you anymore. If your hamster does not see you as a threat, it will not be scared of you and will not prepare to run away when you pick it up.

What to Do If Your Hamster Continues to Spit Out Their Food

If your hamster continues to spit out their food despite your best efforts, it may be a sign of an underlying health issue.

In these cases, it is important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the cause and appropriate treatment. They may recommend changes to your hamster’s diet or environment, or other treatments depending on the specific issue.

If it’s not a health issue, and your veterinarian has confirmed this, it might also just be that they spit it out because of the previously mentioned fight-or-flight response.


In conclusion, hamsters can spit out their food for several reasons, including dental issues, inappropriate food items, natural behavior, fear, or illness.

Pet owners can prevent this behavior by providing appropriate food items, dental chews and toys, bonding with their hamster, and adequate fresh water.

If your hamster continues to spit out their food, consult with a veterinarian to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment. By following these tips, pet owners can ensure that their hamsters remain healthy and happy for years to come.

ThePetFaq Team